By: Kayla Zhu

Health-care rights activists gathered outside the Immigration and Refugee Board building in Toronto on Feb. 12 to protest the federal government’s denial of health care services to uninsured migrants.

The rally, held at 74 Victoria St., was part of a countrywide day of action organized by Health Care for Migrants and OHIP For All, with 17 cities across Canada hosting demonstrations.

There are about 500,000 uninsured migrants in Canada, which includes new immigrants, foreign workers, people in-between visas and people without immigration status, according to a Toronto Public Health report.

Melanie Spence, a registered nurse and OHIP For All member, spoke about the rally’s purpose at the beginning of the demonstration.

Lucas Nguyen, right, chants with his fellow protesters amid an unrelenting snow storm. Many of the protesters at Tuesday’s rally work in the health0-care industry in Toronto and say they hope for legislative change to OHIP (Kayla Zhu/Ryersonian)

“As members of the health community, we demand that our country respects its international obligations,” Spence said. “We demand them to stop denying health care on the basis of immigration status and to compensate Nell Toussaint for the harm they have caused her.”

Toussaint brings case to United Nations

The movement came to the forefront last year when Nell Toussaint, a Grenadian woman working in Canada, brought her case to the UN Human Rights Committee.

Toussaint, 49, moved to Canada in 1999 and developed a number of health conditions, but was unable to access the necessary services due to her immigration status.

“She had 22 years of severe chronic pain for her treatable condition due to her inability to pay for care,” said Arnav Agarwal, a resident doctor and the lead organizer of the protest.

Toussaint brought her case to the UN Human Rights Committee, which condemned the Canadian government and gave it 180 days to amend its health-care legislation.

On Jan. 29, the Canadian government released an email statement saying it is “unable to agree with the views of the Committee in respect of the facts and law in the communication and will not be taking any further measures.

“In relation to proposed systemic changes,” the statement read, “Canada reiterates its position that the provision of life-saving emergency medical services to irregular migrants at Canadian hospitals is sufficient.”

Protesters question universal health care

Many activists who participated in the rally work in the health-care industry and were inspired to join the movement after witnessing the first-hand effects of inaccessible health care for migrants, said Agarwal.

“Oftentimes, treatments we would provide people with insurance are delayed or deferred for these people and the same goes with diagnostic tests.”

Many of the treatments that uninsured people need are unaffordable due to lack of regulations on hospital fees.

“Hospital and large health-care systems are either dragging their heels or using migrants as cash cows,” said Nanky Rai, a family physician who works in shelters and community homes. “They’re charging whatever they want if they are seen in the emergency room or if they’re admitted to hospitals.”

Nanky Rai, a family physician and one of the protest organizers, kicked off the rally with a speech on her experience working in migrant communities. Rai detailed the regrettable instances of patients who were denied curable and palliative cancer treatments or tumour removal surgery due to their immigration status (Kayla Zhu/Ryersonian)

New immigrant workers often find themselves in dangerous workplaces where lack of oversight makes injuries more common, said Sang-Hun Mun, a South Korean immigrant and member of Injured Workers Action for Justice.

“Because they are newcomers, they don’t know much about the Workplace Safety and Insurance Board or how the system works,” said Mun, who was injured on the job in 2005. “So they just fall through the cracks.”

Precarious work environments and lack of health care accessibility forces many injured workers to choose between health and income.

“So many times I have to have long, detailed conversations with people, pleading them to go to the hospital, but they’re so afraid,”  Rai said.

“They’re afraid of how much debt they’re going to be in, afraid of someone outing their status, having police or immigration authorities being called onto them, or afraid of detention and deportation.”

This is a joint byline. Ryersonian staff are responsible for the news website edited and produced by final-year undergraduate and graduate journalism students at Ryerson University. It features all the content from the weekly campus newspaper, The Ryersonian, and distributes news and online multimedia, including video newscasts from RyersonianTV. also provides videos, images, and other interactive material in partnership with the School of Journalism.

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