Photo by Maggie Macintosh
By Bianca Bharti and Laura Howells
The university’s endowment fund — which it uses to pay out scholarships, for example — outperformed its benchmark by more than two per cent last year.
The university’s $130-million endowment fund, managed by Fiera Capital Corp., returned 10.3 per cent last year.
Dan Hallett, an independent analyst and vice-president at HighView financial group said Fiera has performed well, “both in terms of raw returns and relative to its benchmark.”
Over the longer 10 years, the fund grew by 6.6 per cent compared to a 5.8 per cent return for its benchmark, the FTSE TMX Universe, which is a combination of global financial indices.
Fund managers such as Fiera use benchmarks to measure their own financial performance by comparing it against similar investments.
Endowments occur when people — often alumni — donate money to the university. The donations can come with conditions, though. Donors can request that their money be used for scholarships or to fund university developments. Ryerson then invests the designated funds through an investment manager — in this case it’s Fiera.
While the university invests the endowments, about 3.5 cent of the endowment fund is removed and used each year mostly for scholarships. That works out to an average of $4 million a year, the school’s chief financial officer Joanne McKee says.
In the past decade, Ryerson’s endowment fund has grown more than 150 per cent, but it’s still dwarfed by the University of Toronto’s $2-billion fund and especially by older U.S. universities like Yale’s $34-billion fund. It’s in the same league as the University of New Brunswick and Concordia University.
Ryerson is fairly young, McKee said.
“Sometimes it’s harder for younger universities to grow their endowment because they don’t have the alumni. I would say Ryerson’s endowment fund is very solid.”
The strong performance is due to the filters the firm applies to its investments, which Ryerson enforces in its policy, said Fiera senior vice-president, Tim Hylton.
Fiera invests the entire pool of endowment funds into a mix of bonds and securities according to an investment policy that’s approved annually by the university’s board of governors. It also invests in equities and bonds from companies that are environmentally responsible, socially ethical and practise good governance — also known as “ESG investments.”
One of the main reasons for its outperformance recently was its U.S. performance. The S&P 500 — Fiera’s benchmark for U.S. equities — returned a 14 per cent gain last year. American equities in the university’s fund saw higher returns at 20 per cent in the same time frame.
“It’s a conservative fund focused on high quality companies,” said Hylton.
Most universities in Canada follow a similar investment strategy, said Ryerson’s McKee. “We don’t take risks with endowment funds.” This is primarily to protect investor’s money.
Yet there are outliers. St. FX, for example, has long put a majority of its endowment assets in the Canadian stock market. Prior to the 2008 financial crash, 90 per cent of the St. FX endowment was put in the Canadian stock market, the Globe and Mail reported. The fund had “the worst performance for a university fund in Canada” when the markets crashed, the Globe said, with “about double the average loss for Canadian universities.”